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美国将豁免中国110种医疗设备和电子元件等进口商品高关税

标签:豁免关税,美国豁免中国关税,豁免关税清单,医疗设备豁免清单,电子元件豁免清单,升宝


美国豁免清单


  路透华盛顿7月9日-美国政府周二表示,将免除从医疗设备到关键电容器等110种中国产品的高额关税,这让一些曾表示这些关税损害了它们利润的美国公司得到了缓解。

  2018年7月6日,在双边贸易战的首轮战役中,美国对价值340亿美元的中国进口商品加征25%的关税。这场贸易战已经扰乱了全球供应链,耗费了数十亿美元。今日公布的这份范围相对较小的豁免清单,可追溯到该实施日期起生效,并从周二起为期一年。

  一名美国官员在一份电子邮件声明中表示,美国贸易代表莱特希泽和财政部长努钦与中国副总理刘鹤和商务部长钟山周二通了电话,继续就解决悬而未决的贸易问题进行谈判。谈判在中断两个月后恢复,但两国针锋相对的关税之争已经持续了一年。华盛顿希望北京解决美国官员认为的数十年来的不公平和非法贸易行为。

  在美国贸易代表办公室做出上述豁免之前,过去一年已经批准了1,000项豁免。美国已对价值2,500亿美元的中国进口商品征收关税,并威胁要对另外3,000亿美元中国商品征收关税。

 

美国关税豁免


  6月底,美国总统特朗普和中国国家主席习近平举行会谈,同意在双方恢复谈判的同时,暂停对价值3,000亿美元的中国输美消费品加征关税。

  美国贸易代表办公室豁免了世界最大的医疗设备制造商美敦力(Medtronic)(MDT.N)用于治疗肝脏肿瘤设备的一个部件,是该公司获批的12项豁免请求之一。美敦力辩称,研发投入较高的零部件并非在中国生产,它们面临的知识产权盗窃风险最大。

  网络安全公司Palo Alto Networks Inc(PANW.N)也获得了从中国进口的一个电子元件的关税豁免,这是一种钽电容,用于控制网络防火墙设备中的电流。

  该公司辩称,替代品不在美国生产,而且这种电容器不属于“中国制造2025”计划中的高科技项目。特朗普政府称,该计划受到了不公平的补贴,导致美国知识产权被盗。

  Varian Medical Systems Inc(VAR.N)部分放射治疗设备也获得关税豁免,此前该公司辩称,关税只会令公司受损,因为没有其他好的替代产品。

  Varian表示,关税将使其在与欧洲竞争对手的竞争中处于不利地位。

  今年5月,美国贸易代表办公室拒绝了近1.3万份关税豁免申请中的5,311份。

  特斯拉(TSLA.O)的一些中国制造的汽车电路没有获得豁免。美国贸易代表办公室表示,这些零部件对“中国制造2025”计划具有“战略意义”。

 排除清单如下

序号

税号

产品说明

1

8402.90.0010

Heat exchangers, the foregoing comprising  parts of goods of heading 8402 and each fitted for heat recovery steam  generator

2

8402.90.0090

Drums, exhaust stacks, and inlet duct panel  assemblies of heat recovery steam generators

3

8402.90.0090

Water tanks for steam or other vapor  generating boilers

4

8408.90.9010

Compression-ignition engines with maximum  power exceeding 50 kW but not exceeding 120 kW, each valued over $6,000 but  not over $9,500 per unit

5

8408.90.9020

Compression-ignition engines, exceeding  149.2 kW but not exceeding 373 kW and valued over $9,800 but not over $12,000

6

8411.99.9090

Aircraft gas turbine compressor cases of  steel and Inconel alloy, each valued over $3,000 but not over $4,000

7

8411.99.9090

Engine stationary seal air supports of  Inconel alloy, each measuring over 35 cm but not over 35.5 cm in outer  diameter and over 3.5 cm but not over 4 cm in width

8

8412.39.0080

Direct acting and spring return pneumatic  actuators, each rated at a maximum pressure of 10 bar and valued over $68 but  not over $72 per unit

9

8412.80.1000

Spring-operated motors, each valued over  $3,000 but not over $3,600

10

8413.60.0030

Gear-type hydraulic fluid power pumps,  handheld, battery powered, the foregoing not over 5 cm in width and valued  not over $6 per unit

11

8413.70.2015

Centrifugal water pumps incorporating  thermal cut-offs, each with discharge outlet 5.08 cm or more in diameter,  valued over $66 but not over $72 per unit

12

8413.91.9010

Motor vehicle oil pump housings

13

8413.91.9095

Impellers

14

8413.91.9095

Parts of oil and gas extraction beam pumps,  other than hydraulic power pumps

15

8413.91.9095

Pedestals of pump assemblies

16

8413.91.9095

Pump bases, of plastic, designed to protect  the pump impellers from obstructions

17

8413.91.9095

Pump casings and bodies

18

8413.91.9095

Pump covers

19

8413.91.9095

Pump expellers

20

8413.91.9095

Pump grease cups and grease cup adapters

21

8413.91.9095

Pump liners

22

8413.91.9095

Pump manifolds

23

8413.91.9095

Pump parts, of plastics, each valued not  over $3

24

8413.91.9095

Pump shaft castings, of steel

25

8413.91.9095

Pump throatbushes

26

8413.91.9095

Pump volutes

27

8413.91.9095

Structural pump bases, of stainless steel

28

8414.30.8030

Compressors, other than screw type, used in  air conditioning equipment in motor vehicles, each valued over $88 but not  over $92 per unit

29

8414.30.8050

Compressors, other than screw type, of a  kind used in household refrigerators, air conditioners and heat pumps, rated  at more than 14 horsepower but not more than 1  horsepower, each valued not over $150

30

8427.20.8090

Fork-lift trucks, propane gas powered,  having a rated lift capacity over 9.5 metric tons but not exceeding 33 metric  tons

31

8429.20.0000

Motor grader weighing more than 14 metric  tons but not over 21 metric tons

32

8429.40.0040

Self-propelled pneumatic compactors, each  weighing over 14 metric tons but not over 28 metric tons

33

8429.51.1015

New articulated shovel loaders, wheeled,  each with 4-wheel drive, rear mounted engine and a bucket capacity of under  1.5 m3, rated at not over 26 horsepower

34

8429.51.1040

Integrated tractor shovel loaders, each  with 4 wheel drive, a bucket capacity of at least 3.8 m3 but less than 5.2  m3  and an operating weight of 17.5  metric tons or more but not over 20 metric tons

35

8429.51.1045

Shovel loaders with an operating weight of  from 30 metric tons to 36 metric tons

36

8429.51.1050

Shovel loaders with an operating weight of  from 30 metric tons to 36 metric tons

37

8429.51.5010

Rubber track shovel loaders having a lift  capacity not over 375 kg

38

8431.10.0010

Grooved wire rope drum valued over $350

39

8431.31.0040

Escalator drive assemblies consisting of a  motor, planetary gear and gearbox

40

8431.31.0040

Escalator steps

41

8431.31.0060

Parts of passenger or freight elevators  consisting of any of the following: Elevator emergency brake and speed  governor apparatus, scissor lift assemblies, telescoping boom lift assemblies  or articulating boom lift assemblies

42

8431.39.0070

Counterweights for log handling equipment

43

8431.49.9044

Backhoe counterweights each weighing more  than 400 kg but not more than 600 kg

44

8431.49.9044

Excavator crawler shoes

45

8432.90.0060

Seeder or spreader baffle and baffle  assemblies

46

8432.90.0060

Seeder or spreader frames

47

8432.90.0060

Seeder or spreader handles

48

8432.90.0060

Seeder or spreader hopperassemblies

49

8432.90.0060

Seeder or spreader hopper grates

50

8432.90.0060

Seeder or spreader impellers

51

8436.80.0090

Chipper/shredder machines,electrically  powered

52

8436.80.0090

Chipper/shredder machines,gasoline powered,  valued less than $250 per unit

53

8436.80.0090

Malt production equipment

54

8458.19.0020

Horizontal lathes, electrically powered not  over 1.5 horsepower

55

8474.90.0010

Feeder and vibratory flow equipment and  parts thereof designed for use in screening or sorting machines; housings and  noise reduction enclosures;

56

8479.30.0000

Press machines for bamboo or other  materials of a woody nature

57

8479.81.0000

Electric wire coil-winder machines

58

8479.82.0040

Insulated mixing chambers of stainless  steel, each having a capacity of 5 m3 to 25 cubic meters

59

8481.30.2090

Check valves of steel having an internal  diameter not less than 4.8 cm or exceeding 62.5 cm

60

8481.90.9060

Bodies of pressure-reducing valves other  than hand-operated or check valves and valves classified in 8481.20, such  bodies of brass

61

8481.90.9060

Bodies of valves other than hand-operated  or check valves and valves classified in 8481.20, such bodies measuring over  18 cm but not exceeding 19 cm in length, valued over $55 but not over $65 per  unit

62

8482.10.5016

Flanged wheel hub bearing units with ball  bearings, each having an inner diameter exceeding 2.2 cm but not exceeding  2.8 cm

63

8482.10.5024

Wheel hub angular contact bearing units,  not flanged, valued over $2 but not over $10 per unit

64

8482.99.0500

Inner bearing rings

65

8483.40.9000

Non-toothed gears for office printers, each  valued not over $7

66

8483.50.9080

Non-grooved pulleys, each incorporating a  deep groove roller bearing

67

8483.50.9080

Non-grooved pulleys, zinc plated, each  valued not over $3

68

8483.90.8080

Hubs for conveyor pulleys with an outside  diameter of more than 5 cm but not more than 56 cm

69

8487.90.0080

Handles for machinery

70

8501.10.4060

Electric motors of a width exceeding 7.5 cm  but not exceeding 7.8 cm

71

8501.31.2000

DC motors, each valued over $125, with  attached stranded copper cord

72

8501.53.4080

AC motors, multi-phase, each of an output  exceeding 75 kW but less than 149.2 kW

73

8501.62.0000

AC generators, each weighing over 250 kg  but not more than 1 metric ton and valued not over $2,400

74

8504.33.0020

Transformers designed to control horizontal  motion of electron beams in cathode-ray tubes

75

8504.90.9650

Static converter covers, bases and housings  

76

8514.90.8000

Furnace casings

77

8514.90.8000

Structural components for industrial  furnaces

78

8515.19.0000

Manually operated rework stations,  including soldering/desoldering stations

79

8515.39.0020

Machines and apparatus for arc (including  plasma arc welding, each valued not over $500

80

8525.60.1030

Hand-held transceivers (except Citizen’s Band and except low- power  radiotelephonic operating on frequencies from 49.82 MHz to 49.90 MHz, valued  not over $70 each

81

8532.10.0000

Fixed capacitors valued not over $4 per  unit

82

8532.10.0000

Fixed oil-filled capacitors rated at 1 kV  to 25 kV

83

8532.21.0050

Tantalum capacitors having a conductive  polymer cathode, valued not over $4 per unit

84

8532.21.0050

Tantalum capacitors, each measuring 7.3 mm  by 4.3 mm by 1.9 mm and valued not over $4

85

8532.22.0085

Aluminum electrolytic capacitors, each  valued not over $2.50

86

8536.41.0045

Contactors, for a voltage not exceeding 60  V and with contacts rated at or more than 10 A, each valued not over $18

87

8536.50.9025

Rotary switches, rated at over 5 A,  measuring not more than 5.5 cm by 5.0 cm by 3.4 cm, each with 2 to 8 spade  terminals and an actuator shaft with D-shaped cross section

88

8536.50.9025

Rotary switches, single pole, single throw  (SPST, rated at over 5 A, each measuring not more than 14.6 cm by 8.9 cm by  14.1 cm

89

8536.50.9031

Momentary contact switches rated at or  under 5 A, each designed for use as a motor vehicle overdrive switch

90

8536.50.9031

Momentary contact switches rated at or  under 5 A, valued not over $4 per unit

91

8536.50.9065

Rocker switches, for a voltage not  exceeding 1,000 V, designed for use in motor vehicles

92

8538.90.6000

Molded buttons

93

8538.90.6000

Molded housings and covers

94

8538.90.8120

Tanks for dead tank circuit breakers, of  aluminum

95

8543.30.9080

Aluminum anodes for use with machines and  apparatus for electroplating, electrolysis or electrophoresis

96

8543.30.9080

Chlorine generator chambers containing  titanium plates for use with machines and apparatus for electroplating,  electrolysis or electrophoresis

97

8543.30.9080

Zinc anodes for use with machines and  apparatus for electroplating, electrolysis or electrophoresis

98

9015.80.8080

Weather station sets, each consisting of a  monitoring display and outdoor weather sensors, having a transmission range  of not over 140 m and valued not over $50 per set

99

9018.12.0000

Veterinary ultrasound device with  black-and-white image quality used as a medical diagnostic tool

100

9018.90.6000

Microwave ablation antennas,whether or not  with attached controls, as parts of ablation systems used to ablate live  tumors

101

9018.90.6000

Parts and accessories of electro-surgical  instruments and appliances, other than extracorporeal shock wave  lithotripters

102

9018.90.6000

Smoke evacuation pencils with accompanying  tubing and hoses designed to integrate smoke evacuation into electrosurgery  by combining both features into a single handpiece, which is designed to  apply mono-polar electrosurgical energy to target tissue in a surgical  setting while simultaneously evacuating smoke from the surgical site

103

9018.90.6000

Suction coagulators, consisting of a  hand-piece with mechanical and/ or electrical controls and a disposable  shaft, used for the coagulation of tissue and aspiration of fluids during  surgical procedures

104

9018.90.6000

Vessel sealing and dividing devices that  use electrical energy to separate and seal tissue during open or laparoscopic  surgical procedures, consisting of a handpiece with mechanical and/or  electrical controls, and a bipolar electrode intended to deliver  electrosurgical current from a system generator directly to tissues for  cutting/ coagulation/ablation

105

9022.90.6000

Dental X-ray alignment and positioning  apparatus, each valued over $5,000

106

9022.90.6000

Multi-leaf collimators of radiotherapy  systems based on the use of X-ray

107

9022.90.6000

Overhead tube suspension used to hold and  position X-ray generating equipment

108

9027.80.4530

Instruments and apparatus that chemically  analyze food to detect the presence of gluten or peanuts, valued at less than  $55 per unit

109

9030.39.0100

Picoammeters with recording devices

110

9032.89.6070

Humidistats, each with outdoor sensor, such  humidistats valued not over $40 each

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